This document describes the current stable version of Celery (4.4). For development docs, go here.

Source code for celery.backends.asynchronous

"""Async I/O backend support utilities."""
from __future__ import absolute_import, unicode_literals

import socket
import threading
from collections import deque
from time import sleep
from weakref import WeakKeyDictionary

from kombu.utils.compat import detect_environment

from celery import states
from celery.exceptions import TimeoutError
from celery.five import Empty, monotonic
from celery.utils.threads import THREAD_TIMEOUT_MAX

__all__ = (
    'AsyncBackendMixin', 'BaseResultConsumer', 'Drainer',

drainers = {}

[docs]def register_drainer(name): """Decorator used to register a new result drainer type.""" def _inner(cls): drainers[name] = cls return cls return _inner
[docs]@register_drainer('default') class Drainer(object): """Result draining service.""" def __init__(self, result_consumer): self.result_consumer = result_consumer
[docs] def start(self): pass
[docs] def stop(self): pass
[docs] def drain_events_until(self, p, timeout=None, interval=1, on_interval=None, wait=None): wait = wait or self.result_consumer.drain_events time_start = monotonic() while 1: # Total time spent may exceed a single call to wait() if timeout and monotonic() - time_start >= timeout: raise socket.timeout() try: yield self.wait_for(p, wait, timeout=interval) except socket.timeout: pass if on_interval: on_interval() if p.ready: # got event on the wanted channel. break
[docs] def wait_for(self, p, wait, timeout=None): wait(timeout=timeout)
class greenletDrainer(Drainer): spawn = None _g = None def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): super(greenletDrainer, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs) self._started = threading.Event() self._stopped = threading.Event() self._shutdown = threading.Event() def run(self): self._started.set() while not self._stopped.is_set(): try: self.result_consumer.drain_events(timeout=1) except socket.timeout: pass self._shutdown.set() def start(self): if not self._started.is_set(): self._g = self.spawn( self._started.wait() def stop(self): self._stopped.set() self._shutdown.wait(THREAD_TIMEOUT_MAX) @register_drainer('eventlet') class eventletDrainer(greenletDrainer): def spawn(self, func): from eventlet import spawn, sleep g = spawn(func) sleep(0) return g def wait_for(self, p, wait, timeout=None): self.start() if not p.ready: self._g._exit_event.wait(timeout=timeout) @register_drainer('gevent') class geventDrainer(greenletDrainer): def spawn(self, func): from gevent import spawn, sleep g = spawn(func) sleep(0) return g def wait_for(self, p, wait, timeout=None): import gevent self.start() if not p.ready: gevent.wait([self._g], timeout=timeout)
[docs]class AsyncBackendMixin(object): """Mixin for backends that enables the async API.""" def _collect_into(self, result, bucket): self.result_consumer.buckets[result] = bucket
[docs] def iter_native(self, result, no_ack=True, **kwargs): self._ensure_not_eager() results = result.results if not results: raise StopIteration() # we tell the result consumer to put consumed results # into these buckets. bucket = deque() for node in results: if not hasattr(node, '_cache'): bucket.append(node) elif node._cache: bucket.append(node) else: self._collect_into(node, bucket) for _ in self._wait_for_pending(result, no_ack=no_ack, **kwargs): while bucket: node = bucket.popleft() if not hasattr(node, '_cache'): yield, node.children else: yield, node._cache while bucket: node = bucket.popleft() yield, node._cache
[docs] def add_pending_result(self, result, weak=False, start_drainer=True): if start_drainer: self.result_consumer.drainer.start() try: self._maybe_resolve_from_buffer(result) except Empty: self._add_pending_result(, result, weak=weak) return result
def _maybe_resolve_from_buffer(self, result): result._maybe_set_cache(self._pending_messages.take( def _add_pending_result(self, task_id, result, weak=False): concrete, weak_ = self._pending_results if task_id not in weak_ and not in concrete: (weak_ if weak else concrete)[task_id] = result self.result_consumer.consume_from(task_id)
[docs] def add_pending_results(self, results, weak=False): self.result_consumer.drainer.start() return [self.add_pending_result(result, weak=weak, start_drainer=False) for result in results]
[docs] def remove_pending_result(self, result): self._remove_pending_result( self.on_result_fulfilled(result) return result
def _remove_pending_result(self, task_id): for mapping in self._pending_results: mapping.pop(task_id, None)
[docs] def on_result_fulfilled(self, result): self.result_consumer.cancel_for(
[docs] def wait_for_pending(self, result, callback=None, propagate=True, **kwargs): self._ensure_not_eager() for _ in self._wait_for_pending(result, **kwargs): pass return result.maybe_throw(callback=callback, propagate=propagate)
def _wait_for_pending(self, result, timeout=None, on_interval=None, on_message=None, **kwargs): return self.result_consumer._wait_for_pending( result, timeout=timeout, on_interval=on_interval, on_message=on_message, **kwargs ) @property def is_async(self): return True
[docs]class BaseResultConsumer(object): """Manager responsible for consuming result messages.""" def __init__(self, backend, app, accept, pending_results, pending_messages): self.backend = backend = app self.accept = accept self._pending_results = pending_results self._pending_messages = pending_messages self.on_message = None self.buckets = WeakKeyDictionary() self.drainer = drainers[detect_environment()](self)
[docs] def start(self, initial_task_id, **kwargs): raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def stop(self): pass
[docs] def drain_events(self, timeout=None): raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def consume_from(self, task_id): raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def cancel_for(self, task_id): raise NotImplementedError()
def _after_fork(self): self.buckets.clear() self.buckets = WeakKeyDictionary() self.on_message = None self.on_after_fork()
[docs] def on_after_fork(self): pass
[docs] def drain_events_until(self, p, timeout=None, on_interval=None): return self.drainer.drain_events_until( p, timeout=timeout, on_interval=on_interval)
def _wait_for_pending(self, result, timeout=None, on_interval=None, on_message=None, **kwargs): self.on_wait_for_pending(result, timeout=timeout, **kwargs) prev_on_m, self.on_message = self.on_message, on_message try: for _ in self.drain_events_until( result.on_ready, timeout=timeout, on_interval=on_interval): yield sleep(0) except socket.timeout: raise TimeoutError('The operation timed out.') finally: self.on_message = prev_on_m
[docs] def on_wait_for_pending(self, result, timeout=None, **kwargs): pass
[docs] def on_out_of_band_result(self, message): self.on_state_change(message.payload, message)
def _get_pending_result(self, task_id): for mapping in self._pending_results: try: return mapping[task_id] except KeyError: pass raise KeyError(task_id)
[docs] def on_state_change(self, meta, message): if self.on_message: self.on_message(meta) if meta['status'] in states.READY_STATES: task_id = meta['task_id'] try: result = self._get_pending_result(task_id) except KeyError: # send to buffer in case we received this result # before it was added to _pending_results. self._pending_messages.put(task_id, meta) else: result._maybe_set_cache(meta) buckets = self.buckets try: # remove bucket for this result, since it's fulfilled bucket = buckets.pop(result) except KeyError: pass else: # send to waiter via bucket bucket.append(result) sleep(0)